There are several options for shippers to deal with the upcoming regulations of sulphur 2020 cap; shifting to buying low sulphur bunker oil, investing in emissions-cleaning technology or alternative fuels.
One option that should not be underestimated is cheating and ignoring the rules entirely. Latter is becoming an urgent issue as there are currently no solutions in place enabling authorities to monitor these ships.
But Norway is now looking for a solution to this issue by presenting an IMO proposal introducing a ban against fuel that does not comply with the directive. By this ban vessels that fail to comply with the environmental regulations could be sanctioned and cheating could be prevented.
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