UK calls for global 2050 net-zero shipping emissions target

The UK backs a world-leading absolute zero target for international shipping emissions by 2050, which would need to be agreed by the International Maritime Organization, the UK government said in a statement Sept. 13.

This could be a tall order. “It’s an extremely ambitious target and not dependent solely on [the] shipping industry to deliver it,” Tony Foster, CEO and CIO of marine asset manager Marine Capital said on the sidelines of a panel discussion during London International Shipping Week 2021. “Policy and regulation have to play a major role, including, almost certainly, carbon taxes.”

PUBLISHED SEP 13, 2021 14:01 UTC BY S & P Global

 UK calls for global 2050 net-zero shipping emissions target | S&P Global Platts (spglobal.com)

Can The Global Shipping Industry Really Go Green?

As environmental concerns become increasingly pressing for governments and businesses alike, the shipping industry is taking steps to reduce its carbon footprint. In late August Danish shipping company Maersk, the world’s largest container shipping line, announced that it had invested $1.4bn in eight new vessels that will be powered by methanol rather than oil-based fuels.

The ships, set to be delivered in 2024, represent 3% of the company’s total container capacity. They will replace older ships in the fleet and are expected to save up to 1m tonnes of carbon dioxide per year.


 Can The Global Shipping Industry Really Go Green? | OilPrice.com

Asia fuel oil: Cash premiums higher as cargo demand intensifies

SINGAPORE Cash premiums for cargoes of Asian fuel oil were mostly higher on Monday, lifted by higher bids and deal values in the Singapore trading window.

Sentiment in the 0.5% very low-sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO) market has firmed recently on expectations of tightening supplies, particularly for cutter stocks, over the near term, trade sources said. Sluggish bunker demand in the Singapore hub, however, may cap gains. In the high-sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) market, prices have been bolstered by tight supplies that are shared among few suppliers. But the surge in prices may soon crest as peak seasonal power generation demand in the summer begins to fade, the trade sources said.

Published 24th August 2021 by Business Recorder

Asia fuel oil: Cash premiums higher as cargo demand intensifies – Markets – Business Recorder (brecorder.com)


Asia Fuel Oil-380-cst HSFO cash premium at over 1-yr high

SINGAPORE: Cash premiums for cargoes of Asia’s 380-cst high-sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) climbed to their highest since January 2020 on Monday at $16.25 a tonne to Singapore quotes, lifted by sustained demand and tight high-sulphur fuel supplies.

In the 0.5% very low-sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO) market, cash differentials were also slightly higher as deal values strengthened.

However, sluggish bunkering demand and more adequate low-sulphur fuel supplies are expected to keep a lid on sentiment in the VLSFO market, trade sources said.

Published 14th September 2021 by Business Recorder

Asia Fuel Oil-380-cst HSFO cash premium at over 1-yr high – Markets – Business Recorder (brecorder.com)

What $70+ oil means to container, tanker and dry bulk shipping

What $70+ oil means to container, tanker and dry bulk shipping

Spread between VLSFO and HSFO marine fuel is highest since March 2020

The price of Brent crude topped $72 per barrel Thursday, with West Texas Intermediate above $70. As the price of oil goes, so goes the price of marine fuel. And that means higher costs for ship operators, and in the case of the container sector, more fuel surcharges passed along to cargo shippers.

Higher bunker (marine fuel) costs affect different shipping segments differently. American Shipper looked at each segment, and for a broader perspective on where pricing will go next, interviewed Richard Joswick, head of global oil analytics at S&P Global Platts.

How shippers of containerized goods are affected
In the container sector, liner companies pass along higher fuel costs via a bunker adjustment factor (BAF). Carrier filings of BAFs to Distribution Publications Inc. (DPI) show that BAFs plunged in Q3 2020, after the COVID-induced collapse in oil price, and have been ramping back up ever since.

Asia-West Coast BAFs of carriers CMA CGM, COSCO, Evergreen and OOCL that have already been filed for Q3 2021 are up by an average of $229 per forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) or 69% versus the same period last year. Asia-East Coast BAFs of these four carriers for the third quarter are up an average of $409 per FEU or 78% year on year.

(Charts: American Shipper based on data from DPI)

In normal times, such price increases would garner more attention. But in the current situation, where shippers are often paying well over $10,000 per FEU from Asia to the U.S., the rising BAF is a drop in the bucket.

Steve Ferreira, founder and CEO of Ocean Audit, told American Shipper, “Two years ago, this would have been a bigger story. Now, for shippers, it’s just another nail in the coffin. At this point, I don’t even think the logistics folks are paying attention to bunkers. I think the BCOs [beneficial cargo owners] should do a better job of negotiating BAFs, given the egregious rates they’re paying.”

Ferreira also said that BAFs being offered by non-vessel-operating common carriers (NVOCCs) are “substantially higher” than what liners are posting for the same dates and routes. “They [NVOCCs] are marking it up,” he claimed.

Scrubber implications across all segments

From the shipowning perspective, one effect that spans all the major segments — container, tanker and dry bulk — involves exhaust gas scrubbers.

Since Jan. 1, 2020, under the IMO 2020 regulation, ships without scrubbers must burn more expensive 0.5% sulfur fuel known as very low sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO) or 0.1% sulfur marine gas oil (MGO). Ships with scrubbers can continue to burn cheaper 3.5% sulfur fuel known as high sulfur fuel oil (HSFO).

According to pricing data from Ship & Bunker, the HSFO-VLSFO spread hit $121 per metric ton on Wednesday, its highest level since March 5, 2020. The spread has been at $100 or above throughout this year — and more shipowners are now opting to install scrubbers to capture the savings.

Prices are average for top 20 global bunker hubs (Chart: American Shipper based on data from Ship & Bunker)

How container liner operators are affected

The question for container liner operators is: Does BAF income from their cargo shippers entirely offset fuel-price increases? Are liners taking a loss on bunker costs or are they taking a profit, by passing along more costs to shippers than liners pay?

Liner contract earnings from shippers are directly affected by BAFs. During the conference call for Q3 2020 results, Maersk executives said that higher spot rates were offset by declining contract rates pulled lower by bunker clauses as fuel prices decreased. That dynamic should now reverse. With BAFs increasing, liners’ reported contract rates should not only benefit from the higher annual rates that were recently negotiated, but also from BAF upside.

Meanwhile, liners’ actual fuel spend has become much more unpredictable given extreme port congestion around the world. On one hand, ships are reportedly sailing faster on backhaul runs to make up for lost time, and fuel consumption is exponential to speed. On the other hand, ships that are stuck at anchor for weeks are burning much less fuel.

Yet another variable: What type of fuel are container ships burning, VLSFO or HSFO? Of all the various ship categories, larger container ships have installed the most scrubbers — they are burning much more HSFO than VLSFO.

According to data from Clarksons Research, 67% of ultra-large container ships on the water (defined by Clarksons as having at least 15,000 twenty-foot equivalent units of capacity) now have scrubbers. An additional 5% of the existing fleet is due for retrofits. Of newbuilds on order in this vessel class, 78% will be scrubber-equipped. Including existing and new ships, 74% of the ultra-large container ships are set to have scrubbers. This is up from 70% in January and 60% in January 2020.

How tanker owners are affected

In the tanker sector, the rise in the price of oil is a positive sign for future cargo demand, both on the crude and product tanker fronts. But tanker operators are extremely exposed to the spot market, and in a spot voyage deal, the operator pays for fuel. The rising cost of marine fuel is a negative for costs.

Tanker rates remain extremely depressed. Tankers with scrubbers save money on fuel, but that only means they’re bleeding less cash than tankers without scrubbers.

According to Clarksons, older VLCCs (very large crude carriers; tankers that carry 2 million barrels of oil) earned the equivalent of $3,400 per day in the spot market on Thursday, with rates for older scrubber-equipped ships more than double that — $8,200 a day — due to fuel savings. Modern “eco” nonscrubber VLCCs built in 2015 or later were earning $9,700 per day, modern VLCCs with scrubbers $13,100 per day.

But the all-in cash breakeven of a VLCC is around $22,000-$25,000 per day, according to analyst estimates. Even a modern VLCC with a scrubber is heavily in the red.

Nevertheless, owners of large tankers continue to embrace scrubbers. According to data from Clarksons, 40% of VLCCs on the water now have scrubbers, with an additional 2% of existing VLCCs due for retrofits. Of VLCC newbuilds on order, 43% will have scrubbers. Altogether, including existing and ordered ships, 42% of VLCCs are set to use scrubbers. That’s up from 40% in January and 35% in January 2020.

Many of the initial tanker scrubber refit plans were delayed in Q4 2019 and H1 2020 because rates were extremely high. The last thing an owner wants to do is put a tanker in the yard at the very moment returns are booming. But the market was the mirror opposite in Q4 2020 and Q1 2021. Rates were so low that owners accelerated drydockings and brought ships into yards ahead of schedule because it was the best time to be out of the spot market, allowing more scrubber retrofits.

Jefferies analyst Randy Giveans confirmed, “Owners are certainly continuing to retrofit large tankers with scrubbers, especially as rates remain so weak and the HSFO-VLSFO spread widens. Even at a $100 per ton spread, the VLCC premium is at least $4,500 per day, which is very meaningful at current rate levels.”

How dry bulk carrier owners are affected

The more time a ship is at sea, the more savings from scrubbers. As a result, scrubbers make more economic sense on larger ships because they sail longer routes. Just as scrubber penetration is highest on ultra-large container ships and VLCCs, it is highest in the dry bulk sector among Capesizes (bulkers with capacity of 100,000 deadweight tons or more).

Clarksons data shows that 42% of on-the-water Capesizes already have scrubbers, plus another 1% set for retrofits. Of Capesizes on order, 41% will feature scrubbers. Including existing and new ships, 43% of Capesizes are set to have scrubbers. That compares to 42% in January and 34% in January 2020.

Savings derived from the HSFO-VLSFO spread are shown over time by the scrubber and nonscrubber Capesize indices compiled by S&P Global Platts. Its Cape T4 index assessed the rate for nonscrubber Capes at $19,920 per day on Wednesday. The assessed rate for scrubber-equipped Capes was $23,316 per day due to fuel savings, $3,396 or 17% higher.

TCE rate = time-charter equivalent rate (Chart: American Shipper based on data from S&P Global Platts)

Unlike tankers, dry bulk ships are making money, so scrubbers actually increase earnings as opposed to decrease losses. According to various analysts, the all-in cash breakeven for a Capesize vessel is somewhere between $13,000-$17,000 per day.

What’s next for marine fuel prices?

Several factors are driving marine fuel prices and spreads. One is the price of oil. The recent rise has spurred chatter on much higher prices to come. Joswick of S&P Global Platts doesn’t agree.

“The price of around $70 does not surprise us. Global demand is improving and the huge inventory surplus we saw in 2020 is being worked off and is mostly gone. A lot depends on what happens with OPEC — which is waiting to see if demand increases before they increase their production more — and with Iran. We think some sort of deal with Iran [with the U.S., on sanctions] will probably occur. The question is when.”

Joswick believes that “as we get towards autumn, oil prices are more likely to go down than up. The fundamental outlook is that it will be tightest through the summer and then ease after that. We don’t see any fundamental reason for oil prices to skyrocket.” That, in turn, implies no reason for marine fuel pricing to skyrocket.

As for the spread, there are developments that could push the price of VLSFO higher and the price of HSFO lower, benefiting scrubber economics.

On the VLSFO side, jet fuel is an important issue. COVID caused jet-fuel demand to collapse, but demand is rebounding with the return of domestic air travel. Nonscrubber ships consume a lot more VLSFO than MGO, and jet-fuel demand is more linked to MGO than VLSFO pricing, but there is a connection between jet fuel and VLSFO.

If there is less demand for jet fuel, some of the molecules that would have otherwise gone to jet fuel go into the diesel pool and some of the heaviest components with higher boiling points can be used for the creation of VLSFO (a negative for VLSFO pricing). When there is more demand for jet fuel, those extra molecules are reduced (a positive for VLSFO pricing).

“We’re getting jet fuel demand back, which is supportive of diesel and MGO and to a lesser extent, VLSFO,” explained Joswick. MGO “is getting stronger, and the key question is where VLSFO [fits in the equation]. VLSFO had been moving in lockstep with MGO, but it’s not right now.”

On the HSFO side, the issue is refinery utilization. When refinery utilization is low — as it was during the peak COVID period — less HSFO is created. If there is less HSFO to process, it is easier for the most efficient units of the refining system to convert that HSFO to diesel. When refinery utilization increases, as is happening now, less efficient units are required to convert the HSFO.

“If you start bringing on units that are less efficient, it is only economic if the price spread between diesel and HSFO is wider. When that happens, the price of HSFO goes down relative to diesel,” explained Joswick.

The VLSFO tailwind and HSFO headwind are positive for scrubber economics. But Joswick emphasized that this will not lead to the extreme spreads seen in Q4 2019 and Q1 2020, at the time IMO 2020 was implemented.

“We should expect some widening of the spreads over time, but we’re not going to see a [spread] spike like we had before. The problem with IMO 2020 was that it was only announced three years prior to implementation and it usually takes refiners five years to build something. Well, we’re now going on five years. The new facilities are coming online. So, there will be a gradual widening [of the spread] but we’re not going to see a repeat of IMO 2020.”

Published by freightwaves.com


14 September – news round up including can Blockchain help?

14 September – news round up including can Blockchain help?

14 stories this week in our news round-up on sulphur 2020 and related stories, including can Blockchain help?

BIMCO September News Bulletin

Operators transitioning to low-sulphur fuels to meet the IMO Global Sulphur Cap have faced a sharp learning curve to overcome numerous technical issues. A recent Fuel Oil Quality and Safety Survey, conducted by BIMCO is featured in their September bulletin http://portfolio.cpl.co.uk/BIMCO/202009/sulphur-cap/

Gibraltar Hi-5 bunkers spread at fresh low amid tightness in HSFO

The premium of very low sulfur fuel oil to its high sulfur counterpart at Gibraltar has fallen to its lowest level since at least July 2019 — when S&P Global Platts began assessing VLSFO — amid contrasting supply and demand fundamentals, sources said.

“[There are] heavy issues with HSFO avails in the Gibraltar straits,” one bunker buyer said, adding that, in some cases, HSFO prices were above those for VLSFO.

VLSFO supply has been ample, meanwhile, amid the demand destruction caused by COVID-19. https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/insight/158038/Britt-Russell-Webster-Harry-Morton-Rowan-Staden-Coats-Sarah-Jane-Flaws/Gibraltar-Hi-5-bunkers-spread-at-fresh-low-amid-tightness-in-HSFO

Gard reflects on IMO 2020 fuel switchover

Predictions over potential engine damage and litigation between owners and charterers relating to the use of very low sulphur fuel oils have not materialised – but challenges remain, says the P&I Club.

This week Gard published a report on the IMO 2020 transition based on the claims and inquiries from its members and clients, as well questions posed during a series of webinars hosted by the Club which focused on upon technical, contractual, insurance and enforcement issues related to IMO 2020. https://www.bunkerspot.com/global/51310-global-gard-reflects-on-imo-2020-fuel-switchover

Trafigura invests in improving Berbera Oil Terminal, to make it a ‘regional supply hub’

Trafigura Group has delivered a first shipment of low sulphur gasoil to the Port of Berbera, following the signing of a milestone storage agreement earlier this year with the Government of Somaliland’s Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism.

This is the first step in a commitment by Trafigura to invest in Berbera Oil Terminal (BOT) facilities to position it as a gateway to serve customers within the country, and integrate oil logistics across the Horn of Africa. https://www.storageterminalsmag.com/trafigura-invests-in-improving-berbera-oil-terminal-to-make-it-a-regional-supply-hub/

ExxonMobil completes successful sea trial of its first marine bio fuel oil

ExxonMobil has safely completed a successful sea trial using the company’s first marine bio fuel oil with shipping company Stena Bulk, bunkered in the port of Rotterdam.

The marine bio fuel oil is a 0.50% sulphur residual-based fuel (VLSFO) processed with a second generation waste-based FAME component (ISCC certified). The product will be available later this year, initially in Rotterdam before a wider launch across the ExxonMobil port network. https://shipmanagementinternational.com/exxonmobil-completes-successful-sea-trial-of-its-first-marine-bio-fuel-oil/

Japan marine fuel 0.5%S flips to premium as typhoon delays bunkering

A temporary tightness in Japan’s marine fuel market due to the impact of Typhoon Haishen has pushed the marine fuel 0.5%S differential into positive territory for the first time in four months. https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/158050

Sediment levels in off-spec fuels cause concerns

The Fuel Oil Bunker Analysis Service is reporting a smaller share of off-specification fuels. It is also noting the increasing prevalence of sediments. Off-spec fuel shares in 0.5% fuels have declined in recent months. At the same time, cases of severe impact, such as vessel paralysis, have not been seen in the past couple of months, Lloyd’s Register testing agency the Fuel Oil Bunker Analysis Service reports. https://lloydslist.maritimeintelligence.informa.com/LL1133815/Sediment-levels-in-offspec-fuels-cause-concerns (subcription)

BIFA urges all box lines to drop low-sulphur fuel fee

The British International Freight Association (BIFA) has said recent announcements by some container shipping lines that they will suspend or discontinue low-sulphur fuel surcharges “will be welcome news” for its members, urging all box lines to drop low-sulphur fuel fees and criticising the creeping number of other surcharges and fees.


Vessels with scrubbers look like the biggest sulfur cap losers

Alphatanker says that tankers with a scrubber on board are the biggest losers in the wake of the new sulfur regulations. The analyst firm assesses that the payback period for a scrubber is now up to five years for a supertanker. https://shippingwatch.com/carriers/Tanker/article12397748.ece

US Refining Firms Take to Court Over Bunker Desulfurisation Patent

The technology involves using a hydroprocessing unit at a refinery to remove the sulfur from HSFO while preserving its other qualities. https://shipandbunker.com/news/am/582350-us-refining-firms-take-to-court-over-bunker-desulfurisation-patent

Mitsubishi 2020 Scrubber Installations Reach 22 Ships

The company has installed the systems on board five 20,000 TEU container ships, eight 14,000 TEU container ships, five container ships of 10,000 TEU or less, two oil tankers and two LPG carriers. https://shipandbunker.com/news/world/299208-mitsubishi-2020-scrubber-installations-reach-22-ships

US Refining Firms Take to Court Over Bunker Desulfurisation Patent

The technology involves using a hydroprocessing unit at a refinery to remove the sulfur from HSFO while preserving its other qualities. https://shipandbunker.com/news/am/582350-us-refining-firms-take-to-court-over-bunker-desulfurisation-patent

Patent-pending low sulphur fuel technology was copied, claim inventors

Rigby Refining executives are seeking a jury trial to determine if Phillips 66 and WRB Refining ‘copied’ their Magēmā low sulphur fuel technology.

A complaint has been filed in a Texas district court over the alleged use of the Magēmā technology which was developed by Rigby Refining CEO Michael Moor and Chief Technologist Bertrand Klussman. https://www.bunkerspot.com/americas/51269-americas-patent-pending-low-sulphur-fuel-technology-was-copied-claim-inventors


And this is why we created BunkerTrace. Developed in 2019, with input from a broad consortium via BLOC, BunkerTrace is a turn-key solution for tracking marine fuels. Its combination of blockchain and synthetic DNA provides shipping with the assurance of accurate reporting and authenticity of fuels for actionable insights and compliance.

After the first pilot with Cooperative Bebeka in 2019, and scaling with first mover clients, BunkerTrace successfully proved that this technology can transform marine fuel compliance and that the data can be used to make the bunkering supply chain safer. https://theloadstar.com/2020-compliance-and-bunker-fuel-issues-solved-using-blockchain-and-dna/

Maritime shippers focus on ‘clean’ vessels amid pandemic

Industry aims to reduce pollution, improve efficiency, strengthen asset class

“Finally, we project that average vessel speeds will slow to reduce fuel consumption. Such decreases in vessel speeds lead to supply contraction as vessels take longer to complete voyages, thereby supporting market rates.” https://www.theasset.com/article-esg/41549/maritime-shippers-focus-on-clean-vessels-amid-pandemic

Sulphur2020 New Round Up 7 September

Sulphur2020 New Round Up 7 September

Sulphur2020 News Round-Up 7 September 2020

10 featured news updates on Sulphur2020 including a Podcast and the fact that Containerships overtake tankers for the most fitted scrubbers details

Mitsubishi Shipbuilding’s marine sulphur oxides (SOx) scrubbers have been successfully installed on 22 ships across three ship types during the last 8 months.

The DIA-SOx scrubbers have been installed as scheduled despite COVID-19 restrictions. Remote commissioning conducted via close communication and cooperation with the engineers of its local partners in China and Singapore respectively enabled Mitsubishi Shipbuilding to continue with the planned installations. Read more https://vpoglobal.com/2020/09/04/mitsubishi-shipbuilding-completes-22-scrubber-retrofits/

Rotterdam Hi-5 bunker spread hits all-time low

The premium of very low sulfur fuel oil over its high sulfur equivalent at Rotterdam port fell to a record low on Aug. 21, as the latter stays resilient to bearish fundamentals in the global oil complex.

Read blog post here https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/insight/157893/Britt-Russell-Webster-James-Goldburn/Rotterdam-Hi-5-bunker-spread-hits-all-time-low

Shipper relief as ocean carriers finally scrap low-sulphur surcharges

Ocean carriers are officially scrapping the low-sulphur fuel surcharges introduced last year to mitigate the impact of the 1 January IMO 0.5% sulphur cap regulations on marine fuel.

Maintaining low-sulphur surcharges as fuel prices plunged has been a bone of contention for shippers, who have criticised carriers for being slow to ditch the additional fee. Read in full https://theloadstar.com/shipper-relief-as-ocean-carriers-finally-scrap-low-sulphur-surcharges/

Demand for HSFO at Singapore rising as more scrubbers fitted

Singapore has seen a rise in demand for high sulfur bunker fuel of late from the growing number of ships that have completed scrubber installations, given the limited availability of the grade at smaller ports, market sources said. More https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/157981

MARINE FUEL 0.5%S: Ample supply weighs on global marine fuel markets in September

Global marine fuel 0.5% prices are expected to be capped by increasing supply and depressed demand from the retail sector in September as refiners continue to grapple with weak low sulfur fuel oil margins.

Inventory levels in Asia in particular are expected to rise as an arbitrage window from the West that opened in early-August has market participants expecting at least a 500,000 mt increase in volumes landing in Singapore in September from the month before. Read the blog here https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/insight/157965/Rohan-Menon-Sarah-Jane-FlawsBeth-Brown/MARINE-FUEL-0-5-S-Ample-supply-weighs-on-global-marine-fuel-markets-in-September

South Korea tightens sulphur cap By Hwee Hwee Tan
The six ports affected by the new regulatory cap are Incheon, Pyeongtaek-Dangjin, Yeosu, Gwangyang, Busan and Ulsan. Vessels are required to switch to 0.1% sulphur fuel within an hour of anchoring or docking and do so until an hour before leaving. From January 1, 2022 ships must switch over on entering the emissions control areas Read here (subscription) https://lloydslist.maritimeintelligence.informa.com/LL1133720/South-Korea-tightens-sulphur-cap

Pricing for marine fuel 0.5%S in Balboa, Houston jumps on tight supply, wholesale values

Bullish crude complex also plays role in recent bunkers price increases. Read here https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/157960

Listen: Asian HSFO markets endure IMO 2020, coronavirus challenges

Featuring    Mriganka Jaipuriyar     Surabhi Sahu     Oceana Zhou Commodity Oil,  Shipping Length 12:12
Topic COVID 19: Coronavirus Outbreak,  Environment and Sustainability,  IMO 2020

Light sulfur fuel oil has been the main marine fuel of choice worldwide, but high sulfur fuel oil has held its stead in Asia. S&P Global Platts senior oil experts Surabhi Sahu and Oceana Zhou join Platts Asia Head of News Mriganka Jaipuriyar in examining the demand for HSFO particularly in Singapore, which is the world’s largest bunkering port. They also discuss China’s fuel demand and outlook, as well as the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the Asian fuel oil markets. Link to listen https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/insight/157949/Surabhi-Sahu/Listen-Asian-HSFO-markets-endure-IMO-2020-coronavirus-challenges

Singapore LSFO-HSFO spread falls to 3-month low on rising LSFO supply

Bunker suppliers in Singapore reported fewer inquiries for low sulfur bunker fuel in the week ended Aug. 28. More here https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/157953 

Containerships overtake crude oil tankers as most scrubber-fitted sector

Containerships with a collective cargo carrying capacity of 5.3m TEU are now fitted with an exhaust gas cleaning system (scrubber) to remove sulphur oxides (SOx) from the exhaust gasses generated by the combustion processes in marine engines and thereby comply with the IMO 2020 global sulphur regulation which came into force on 1 January 2020.

By the start of July, the share of the containership fleet with scrubbers installed exceeded that of the crude oil tanker fleet. At that time, the container shipping sector became the most scrubber-fitted amongst the main cargo carrying ship types. “In order to cut the sulphur oxides emission, shipowners who can afford to buy a scrubber have done so to a substantial extent, with investments predominantly directed towards high consumption ship types,” says Peter Sand, BIMCO’s Chief Shipping Analyst and continues – read more: https://www.bimco.org/news/market_analysis/2020/20200813containerships_overtake_crudeoil_tankers_scrubber





News Update 6 July 2020

News Update 6 July 2020

NEWS UPDATE 6 JULY – 4 Great stories to read

FUJAIRAH DATA: Refined product stocks drop most since April to seven-week low – Bunkerworld

“Economies are picking up so the consumption is there,” said Malek Azizeh, commercial director of Fujairah Oil Terminal. https://www.bunkerworld.com/news/157422

Idemitsu Plant Raises VSLFO Output – Ship and Bunker

Demand for high sulfur fuel oil from Japanese ship operators remains small post IMO2020


South Korea declares local SECAs – Ship Insight and Dry Bulk

The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is the latest country to announce the designation of national sulfur emission control areas, which will enter into force on 1 September 2020.

The national South Korean sulfur restrictions will apply to the following six ports, and a national sulphur emission control area has been defined for each port



RPT-Marine fuel market facing tougher Q3 as supply rises

* VLSFO market weighed down by rising supplies, weak demand

* Global fuel oil supply to increase 620,000 bpd in Q3 -analyst

* Bunker demand to remain depressed in Q3


Hong Kong Shipping Gazette  News hksg.com Read the full article below:

Cosco about to complete planned scrubber installations

CHINA’s Cosco Shipping Lines (Cosco) is about to complete scrubber installations, a plan that was announced in 2019.

Three vessels owned by China Shipping Container Lines (CSCL) before Cosco acquired the group as part of the government’s move to consolidate state-owned companies, CSCL Mercury, CSCL Jupiter and CSCL Saturn, 14,000 TEU sister container ships, arrived in the Liuheng yard of Cosco Shipping Heavy Industry (Zhoushan), on June 14, 2020.

The ships are the last of 10 vessels that Cosco earmarked in 2019 for scrubber retrofits, which usually take 15 to 30 days, depending on the size of the vessel, reports Container News, Jacksonville.

The scrubbers are provided by Finnish firm Valmet, which has four production units and three service centres in China. Scrubber-fitted ships can continue burning, cheaper, high-sulphur fuel oil and comply with the International Maritime Organization’s emission regulations that became effective this year.

The scrubber system delivery for Cosco Shipping Lines will include a tailor-made open-loop scrubber system for main engine and generator engines including auxiliary systems and automation.

In its 2019 financial report, the shipping line said that as at the end of the year, scrubber installations were completed on seven of the ships. The retrofitting schedules were planned according to the route and refuelling ports of the ships, as Zhoushan is a major bunkering port in China.



CHEM Europe: Development of sustainable marine fuels

In an EU-funded research project, an international consortium aims to develop new production methods for sustainable marine fuels to replace heavy fuel oils in shipping. The use of heavy fuel oils (HFOs) contributes to global warming due to the fossil origin of these fuels and, moreover, generating non-negligible emissions of pollutants such as sulphur oxides. The IDEALFUEL project aims to create sustainable alternatives by developing new efficient and low-cost methods to produce low-sulphur heavy fuel oils from wood-based non-food biomass. OWI Science for Fuels gGmbH and TEC4FUELS GmbH are involved in the project as research partners.



Hellenic Shipping News: Mounting transport fuel stocks add new twist to VLSFO specs

Shifting fundamentals in European transport fuel markets have affected operational requirements for shipowners using VLSFO, as blenders alter feedstocks to make their economics work amid the coronavirus pandemic while the bunkering industry grapples with this year’s lower sulfur content rules.



TheStar: Shippers face financial burden

KUALA LUMPUR: The delays in collecting cargoes during the movement control order (MCO) period has resulted in accumulated charges, causing financial burden to local shippers and manufacturers, says Malaysian National Shippers’ Council (MNSC) chairman Datuk Dr Andy Seo Kian Haw.



Splash 247: China launches low- sulphur fuel futures

China has started the trading of the futures of low-sulphur fuel on the Shanghai International Energy Exchange from today.

Prior to the commencement of official trading, the exchange conducted two trials on June 13 and June 21 including daily trading and settlement.

The first day of trading commenced with a benchmark price of RMB2,368 ($335) per ton for monthly delivery contracts from January to June 2021 and the price has so far surged by around 13 % on the Shanghai International Energy Exchange.



Indepthnews: Concerted Efforts to Offset Damage Caused by Arctic Shipping

REYKJAVIK (IDN) – The polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth is warming at an accelerating rate and as sea ice continues to melt away, Arctic waters are becoming increasingly navigable to vessels carrying heavy fuel oil (HFO). HFO, which is one of the world’s dirtiest fuels, is not only virtually impossible to clean up in the event of a spill, but also produces higher levels of air and climate pollutants than other marine fuels.

Aware of the severe risks that heavy fuel oil poses to polar environments, the international shipping community has already banned its use in the Antarctic. But, as experts point out, it is now time to provide similar protection to the Arctic – an ecosystem that is equally vulnerable to disturbance and pollution.

Until recently, 76 per cent of the fuel used in Arctic shipping was HFO. Ships typically used heavy fuel oil with a sulphur concentration of 2.7 per cent. But the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has ruled that from January 1, 2020, the maximum sulphur content of ships’ fuel oil would be 0.5 per cent instead of 3.5 per cent. Subsequently, fewer ships are now using HFO.



VPO: Stena Bulk presents low emission tanker prototype

Stena Bulk has presented a prototype of the next-generation product and chemical tanker, the IMOFlexMAX, which will reportedly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 25 per cent compared to current product tankers.



Ship and Bunker: Chinese VLSFO Exports dropped in May

Exports of very low sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO) from China dropped significantly last month according to news agency Reuters, in signs of a continuing impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on global shipping demand.



Ship and Bunker: OPEC+ Compliance May Deliver $500/MT VLSFO by End of 2021

Full compliance by members of the oil producer coalition OPEC+ to its output cuts deal could see Very Low Sulphur Fuel Oil (VLSFO) prices climb above $500/MT again by late 2021, according to bunker trading company Integr8 Fuels.



Ship and Bunker: Istanbul Market Faring Well Despite 8% Drop in Bunker Sales

Local bunker suppliers in Istanbul have sounded a positive tone despite a drop in marine fuel sales following measures put in place to address the COVID-19 pandemic.



Ship and Bunker: Pacific Green Retreats From Scrubber Sales as HSFO Discount Remains Narrow

Technology company Pacific Green has decided to scale back its presence in the marine scrubber business, in the latest sign of weakening prospects for the emission cleaning technology.



The installation of 700 scrubbers was cancelled due to Covid

According to Clarksons, many works entrusted to shipyards were cancelled due to the pandemic and to the drop in the price gap between traditional bunker oil and low-sulphur fuel oil



Fujairah refiners mull switch from LSFO to light distillates as profitability plunges – traders

Key low sulfur fuel oil refineries in Fujairah belonging to Uniper and Vitol may switch to producing more profitable light distillates or mothball their refineries altogether if demand for LSFO remains depressed and prices unprofitable, traders in Fujairah said week ending June 26.



Shippingwatch: Bunker company predicts significant price increase for low-sulfur oil in 2021

If the Opec+ member states continue to comply with their agreement to lower oil production, the price of low-sulfur fuel oil could surge to over USD 500 by the end of 2020, assesses bunker company.




Early reports on the variable quality of very low-sulphur fuel oils confirm research highlighting the need for robust cylinder lubrication when using the new fuel blends.

Looking back on the first three month since the implementation of IMO’s global sulphur cap, it seems that concerns over the variability of new very low sulphur fuel oil (VLSFO) blends were justified. To cite just one example, Lloyd’s Register’s Fuel Oil Bunker Analysis and Advisory Service (FOBAS) has issued three alerts on excessive sediments in VLSFO. FOBAS’ analysis shows that five percent of all VLSFO samples taken in Singapore in the first two months of 2020 had high sediment volumes. In Rotterdam the figure rises to 23%.



Bunker price spread keeps scrubber economics unfavourable  By Michelle Wiese Bockmann

The price spreads being seen have extended the payback period for a scrubber capesize bulk carrier beyond five years, and more than three years for a very large crude carrier

The difference in price between high-sulphur fuel oil and the compliant 0.5% sulphur fuel oil is weakening the economic argument for scrubbers.



Hong Kong Shipping Gazette News .hksg.com

Article in full below.

TS Lines in search of new ships as Q1 profits soar 170pc to US$21.5m

CHAIRMAN of TS Lines, Chen Te Shen says controlling costs and services additions on routes with growing demand have led to the Taiwan carrier’s 170 per cent year-on-year increase in profits.

The Taiwanese operator of the intra-Asia carrier reported profits of TWD650 million (US$21.49 million), achieved by responding to challenging conditions caused by Covid-19 with the company withdrawing from the US trades and concentrating on operating intra-Asian and Asia-Australia routes. Mr Chen said the company further reduced costs by redelivering chartered vessels that were deployed on withdrawn services.

The leased fleet increased the flexibility of the company’s operations. While owning a certain percentage of newly built own ships, with high fuel efficiency, allowed the company to reduce costs further, reports Container News, Jacksonville.

Mr Chen said that there is a silver lining in the pandemic, as oil prices collapsed to an 18-year low, resulting in low-sulphur fuel oil becoming cheaper. This meant compliance with the International Maritime Organization’s emissions cap was more affordable.

“Oil prices fell sharply in March. As the fuel surcharge was calculated based on the oil price of the previous quarter, when our actual bunker costs fell, the company’s profit increased,” explained Mr Chen.

Cargoes to and from India and the Philippines declined during Q2, but TS Lines added services to Thailand and Vietnam, where cargo demand remained strong. Consequently, the carrier’s operating profit for Q2 2020 is forecast to be TWD700 million.

The chairman said: “We’ll continue to acquire vessels and commission newbuildings. Three years ago, we aimed to own five vessels. At the time, we operated 36 vessels. Today, we are operating 46 ships, including 12 owned vessels. Another three are under construction. Today’s newbuildings are fuel-efficient, but it takes two years for a vessel to be built. If there are suitable pre-owned ships in the market, we’ll consider second-hand purchases.”


BTJ 2/20 – Green loans by the book. How to embed environmental care in ship financing by Amy Lindemann, Senior Associate, Campbell Johnston Clark

The IMO 0.5% sulphur cap is now in force globally, while the Poseidon Principles, a banking code aimed at integrating climate considerations into lending decisions, have been widely adopted by many of the major ship finance banks.

Let us then explore the implications for the evolution of loan and finance lease documentation in shipping, as well as for the commercial elements of deals.



ICE LSGO futures net speculative length rises 6,045 lots on week

Speculative net long positions in ICE low sulfur gasoil futures rose 6,045 contracts to 34,899 in the week to June 16, according to ICE data June 22.